LONDON: Amnesty International has sharply criticized a recent ruling by the Dominican Republic’s constitutional court that could to lead to the country’s withdrawal from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
If supported by the government, the ruling could deprive hundreds of thousands of survivors of human rights abuses of any hope of justice, said Amnesty International.
“With this latest judgment, the constitutional court of the Dominican Republic has confirmed its lack of independence and impartiality, proving it to be politically biased by defending narrow interests,” said Erika Guevara Rosas, Americas director at Amnesty International.
“Depriving people of the opportunity of finding justice abroad when it is denied at home would not only be outrageous but also a worrying step back in the country’s strengthening of the rule of law.”
The judgment comes three weeks after the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled against a Dominican Republic’s judicial decision that stripped thousands of Dominicans of Haitian descent living in the country of their nationality in a discriminatory way.
“Instead of throwing their toys out of the pram in the face of a ruling by an international court they do not agree with, the authorities in the Dominican Republic should focus their energy on ensuring the rights of every person living in the country are protected. This must start with complying with the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights,” said Guevara Rosas.
She warned that if Dominican Republic President Danilo Medina sanctions this ruling, hundreds of thousands of victims of discrimination, police killings and other human rights violations will have no legal avenue to claim justice.
“This decision shows the Dominican Republic’s complete lack of care for its international human rights obligations and sets an incredibly dangerous precedent for the protection of the human rights of everybody in the Dominican Republic, particularly the most vulnerable. President Medina now has the opportunity and obligation to show leadership and ensure the country complies with its international obligations,” said Guevara Rosas.
The regional court ordered the Dominican Republic to revoke a judgment issued in September 2013 by the country’s constitutional court, which retroactively and arbitrarily deprived thousands of Dominicans of Haitian descent of their Dominican nationality, leaving them unable to access basic rights such as work, health care and education.
Amnesty International urged authorities in the Dominican Republic to respect their international obligations by fully implementing the recent judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.